Desire-based and value-based normative reasons.
This paper is a response to John Harris' provocative 'Justice and Equal Opportunities in Health Care'. The aim of this short response is to locate the difference between Harris and me within a broader debate about the nature of reasons for action. I argue that Harris is appealing to a desire-based conception of normative reasons. I highlight some of the deficiencies of a desire-based conception of reasons, and contrast it with a value-based account.