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Genomics is increasingly becoming an integral component of health research and clinical care. The perceived difficulties associated with genetic research involving Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people mean that they have largely been excluded as research participants. This limits the applicability of research findings for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients. Emergent use of genomic technologies and personalised medicine therefore risk contributing to an increase in existing health disparities unless urgent action is taken. To allow the potential benefits of genomics to be more equitably distributed, and minimise potential harms, we recommend five actions: (1) ensure diversity of participants by implementing appropriate protocols at the study design stage; (2) target diseases that disproportionately affect disadvantaged groups; (3) prioritise capacity building to promote Indigenous leadership across research professions; (4) develop resources for consenting patients or participants from different cultural and linguistic backgrounds; and (5) integrate awareness of issues relating to Indigenous people into the governance structures, formal reviews, data collection protocols and analytical pipelines of health services and research projects.

Original publication




Journal article


Monash Bioeth Rev

Publication Date





203 - 209


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Genetic research, Genomics, Indigenous health, Personalised medicine, African Continental Ancestry Group, Australia, Ethics, Medical, Ethics, Research, Genetic Research, Humans, Melanesia, Metagenomics, Oceanic Ancestry Group, Population Groups, Precision Medicine