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There is increasing support for sharing individual-level data generated by medical and public health research. This scoping review of empirical research and conceptual literature examined stakeholders' perspectives of ethical best practices in data sharing, particularly in low- and middle-income settings. Sixty-nine empirical and conceptual articles were reviewed, of which, only five were empirical studies and eight were conceptual articles focusing on low- and middle-income settings. We conclude that support for sharing individual-level data is contingent on the development and implementation of international and local policies and processes to support ethical best practices. Further conceptual and empirical research is needed to ensure data sharing policies and processes in low- and middle-income settings are appropriately informed by stakeholders' perspectives.

Original publication




Journal article


J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics

Publication Date





225 - 238


biomedical research ethics, clinical research, data access, data release, data sharing, health policy, low-income countries, middle-income countries, privacy, research data, research governance, systematic review, Attitude, Biomedical Research, Cooperative Behavior, Developing Countries, Humans, Information Dissemination, Policy, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Public Health, Social Responsibility