ISPD 2021 Debate - All IVF cycles should involve pre-implantation genetic testing to improve fetal health and pregnancy outcomes.
Amor DJ., Savulescu J., Wilkins-Haug L.
For three decades, couples at increased risk for a genetic disorder have been offered preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). Simultaneously, PGT for aneuploidy (PGT-A) to improve in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes was introduced, but evidence of value-added remains inconsistent. Recently, lower genetic testing costs and shorter turnaround time have reinvigorated PGT-A. Additionally, a shift from blastomere (day 3) to blastocyst (day 5) transfer and embryo freezing advances support PGT without the time constraints of immediate transfer. PGT-A transformed from a time-constrained analysis of 1-2 cells to an "add on" study for all IVF. But should it be offered to all IVF patients? And if not, under what conditions? Pre-debate polling found 64% opposed to PGT for all IVF cycles with concerns voiced about cost, informed consent, and a "slippery slope". Leaving aside the inconsistent evidence of IVF improvement whether measured as miscarriage or livebirths with PGT-A, the debaters grappled with patient and provider desires versus the ethical concerns for the unborn child. However, the audience was not swayed; two thirds remained opposed to PGT for all IVF cycles. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.