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The most publicly justifiable application of human cloning, if there is one at all, is to provide self-compatible cells or tissues for medical use, especially transplantation. Some have argued that this raises no new ethical issues above those raised by any form of embryo experimentation. I argue that this research is less morally problematic than other embryo research. Indeed, it is not merely morally permissible but morally required that we employ cloning to produce embryos or fetuses for the sake of providing cells, tissues or even organs for therapy, followed by abortion of the embryo or fetus.

Original publication




Journal article


J Med Ethics

Publication Date





87 - 95


Analytical Approach, Genetics and Reproduction, Aborted Fetus, Beginning of Human Life, Beneficence, Cloning, Organism, Embryo Research, Ethics, Medical, Fetus, Freedom, Human Rights, Humans, Life, Moral Obligations, Personal Autonomy, Personhood, Risk Assessment, Tissue Transplantation