Justice and vulnerability in big data
Angela Ballantyne, Senior Lecturer Bioethics, New Zealand
Wednesday, 27 June 2018, 11am to 12.30pm
Seminar room 0, Big Data Institute, Old Road Campus, Oxford
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Data is powerful because it is used to tell stories – stories about people and the lives they lead. Data carries an appealing veneer of objectivity. But telling stories is never ethically neutral. Narratives always have embedded cultural values and ethical assumptions.
Data analytics and artificial intelligence are increasingly used to influence decisions about service delivery and access (in both the public and private sectors). In this talk I argue that the most vulnerable and marginalized citizens often rely on multiple government services, experience the greatest surveillance of their activities, and therefore have the most data produced about them. But conversely, they often have the least capacity to influence the narratives that are drawn with this data and the resulting policies.
To date, there has been significant discussion of data benefit sharing (ensuring the advantages/profits derived from the use of data are shared justly with the data providers and data subjects). I will discuss recent attempts, particularly in relation to indigenous data, to the move the debate from ‘benefit sharing’ towards ‘power sharing’. Power sharing requires a co-governance model where data subjects and communities have decision making capacity in relation to data governance and use. I will describe recent initiatives in New Zealand, and argue in favour of transparency, accountability and co-governance models for public sector data.
Dr Ballantyne is a Senior Lecturer in Bioethics at the University of Otago (Wellington, New Zealand). Dr Ballantyne’s research interests include exploitation, research ethics, vulnerability, the ethics of pregnancy and reproductive technologies, and secondary use research with clinical data. In 2016 she received a NZ Marsden Fast Start grant and a UOW Award for Best Emerging Researcher. She was President of the International Association of Bioethics (2016-2017) and is the ethics member of the Central Ethics Committee NZ. She has worked in schools of Medicine, Primary Healthcare and Philosophy in Australia, England and the United States; and as the Technical Officer for Genetics and Ethics at the World Health Organization in Geneva. Prior to returning to New Zealand in 2008, Angela was a Visiting Scholar at the Yale University Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics.